Hepatitis in children
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), there have been at least 74 cases of severe acute hepatitis in children under the age of ten in the United Kingdom and Spain. The aetiology of these cases is unclear, but most cases were first identified when gastrointestinal symptoms were present. There were no fatalities among the 74 children identified.
Acute hepatitis is a condition in which the liver becomes inflamed. Inflammation is a general immune response to an infection and a warning sign that the patient has a disease. Children with acute hepatitis may exhibit fever, abdominal pain, dark urine, jaundice, and other symptoms. However, most children with acute hepatitis are asymptomatic and do not require treatment.
Cases of hepatitis
Adenoviruses, which cause a variety of infections in humans, have also been linked to the emergence of pediatric cases of hepatitis. These viruses normally cause infections of the airways and lungs. These can result in pneumonia and pool fever. Adenoviruses may also cause a sore throat and fever.
While the incidence of HBV and HCV among children has declined in most endemic areas, the incidence of hepatitis A in China has been increasing in some regions. Acute HCV infection is usually a short-term illness that clears up within six months. Children under the age of ten are most likely to get an infection if they are exposed to the virus.
Children should be vaccinated for hepatitis A and B, although there is no vaccine against hepatitis C or E. Treatment of hepatitis focuses on prevention, reversing liver damage and alleviating symptoms. Medications are also available for people with autoimmune hepatitis and are used to control an overactive immune system.
Liver cancer related deaths are rising. Since the US opioid epidemic began, acute HCV infections have doubled. Children and adolescents under the age of ten have become disproportionately affected, with approximately 1 in 12 Asian Americans affected. The number of deaths related to hepatitis C increased by 250% between 2010 and 2014.
Hepatitis among children
The incidence of hepatitis A infection has declined in the US over the past 30 years. Before routine vaccination, hepatitis A cases among children under ten had been relatively low, with only two cases per 100,000 people in 2014. But now, the incidence of acute hepatitis among children under ten has increased by about 40% in the United States alone.
The rate of hepatitis B infection in children under the age of ten has been increasing in many countries, despite the fact that the infection rate had been decreasing for a while. Despite the fact that there is no cure for acute hepatitis B, healthcare professionals recommend proper nutrition and fluid intake to help the body fight off the infection. Some people may need to be hospitalized. For chronic hepatitis B, medical treatment can be required to monitor liver damage and administer antiviral drugs.
Since vaccination became a popular means of prevention, the CDC has revised its guidelines for the condition. Since then, vaccination campaigns have been implemented in several countries to reduce the incidence of acute hepatitis. Vaccination continues to be the best way to protect children from hepatitis A infection. The CDC recommends that every child under the age of ten be vaccinated against hepatitis A.